The capital of the Tuscany region is world famous for its history. In the late Middle Ages it was one of the richest and most prosperous cities in Europe. Thanks to the powerful Medici dynasty, it became a center for fine arts, culture and science. As the home of the Renaissance style, it also has a great architectural heritage. The historic center, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as the numerous palaces, monuments and churches will overwhelm you.